Economics


https://sites.google.com/a/gauhati.ac.in/research/#ds11092019 Valuing fishing activity at Deepor Beel

https://sites.google.com/a/gauhati.ac.in/research/economics/#rm08062018 Flood induced poverty
Economy of fishing activity at the Deepor Beel

Jyotisikha Dutta and Archana Sharma look at the economy of fishing activity at the Deepor Beel - one of the wetland biodiversity hotspot in the northeastern state of Assam. This work is published in the journal Space & Culture, India.


Authors
Abstract
The Deepor Beel is one of the large and important riverine wetlands in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam, India. The only Ramsar site of Assam, the Beel is one of the richest biodiversity grounds in the wetland eco-system of the state. The Deepor Beel is the hub of a wide range of organisms. It provides various goods and services directly or indirectly to the villages near to the beel for their livelihood. Despite its contribution to society and ecology as a whole, these goods and services of the Beel are undervalued in the policy provisions. The prime reason for this undervaluation is that most of the goods and services of the Beel are non-marketable and those goods which have direct use-values are never valued in an economic term. To fill the gap partially, this study tries to estimate the direct use values of the Deepor Beel. Among the goods the Deepor Beel provides, fishing can be considered one of the economically significant goods. Fishing provides livelihood directly to 825 households living near the Beel. Therefore, this research tries to estimate the direct use value of fishing in the Deepor Beel. A market price approach is applied to estimate the value of this wetland resource. Net Present Value (NPV) of fishing is also estimated. The total estimated value of fishing is INR 11,64,69,375 per annum. The estimated value of fishing per hectare is INR 29,015.78 per annum. The estimated Net Present Value (NPV) of fishing is INR 97,05,78,125. This valuation is important to draw the attention of the policymakers for resource investment in conserving the Beel for continued benefits.

https://sites.google.com/a/gauhati.ac.in/research/economics/#top 
 



Flood induced vulnerability to poverty - evidence from Brahmaputra Valley

Dr Ratul Mahanta and his coworker provide valuable inputs to the flood induced poverty in this part of the country. This research article is published in International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.



Authors

Abstract
This paper attempts to assess household vulnerability to poverty due to flood in Assam. Whether coping measures can reduce vulnerability and what factors affect such coping has also been examined. Applying vulnerability as expected poverty (VEP) approach to data collected through a primary survey of 476 households in 2013, the authors find that almost 83% of these households are vulnerable to poverty due to flood. The results show that incidence of poverty, flood height and use of coping strategies play significant role in determining households’ vulnerability to poverty. The study also suggests that institutional factors, household’s socio-economic conditions and community characteristics determine the use of coping strategies at the household level.